I listened to a pretty long discussion on the region starting with pre-soviet invasion. us is going to deservingly get saddled for causing it, but one of the takeaways was that the instability between Afghanistan and Pakistan is just not something western discussion ever addresses.
after a historical period where afghanistan had an upper hand and annexed some territory, pakistan started doing the same, and it was only a matter of time until they found an extremist party to support, who grabbed power in the vacuum between soviet/usa invasions. anyway, Obama’s state dept apparently tried promoting this issue (as AFPAC) which apparently was met with indignation from pakistan, and possibly other nations who shouldn’t necessarily trust US on things like this either, and it got shut down. So in the outcome, taliban got to continue to operate for a few more years until another opportunity presented itself.
all this made me think of pakistan/india conflict as well. seems like bad intentions and extremist policies from both.