For months, opinion polls about the political parties in the Chamber of Deputies (the Czech’s House of Representatives) were not updated due to COVID-19. Now, polling agencies are doing them more frequently.
Some information about the Czech Republic is that there’s a CoD election October 2021 barring a snap election. All of the 200 seats are up for grabs. In 2017, nine parties reached the 5% threshold required to gain seats in the CoD. Since then, two parties have split off from the right to create their own splinter groups meaning that there are now 11 parties.
Super brief description of the 9 elected parties in the CoD
ANO 2011 - center-right populist party and currently the largest one in the Czech Republic with 78 of the 200 seats. Their party leader (and PM of the country) is Slovak billionaire and former Czechoslovak secret police memeber Andrej Babiš. The word “ano” is Czech for “yes”. Most similar party: The Five Star Movement (Italy)
Civic Democratic Party - Right-wing party. They’re more about the free market (lower taxes, less bureaucracy etc). They also dabble in soft nationalism. They have 25 seats. Most similar party: UK’s Conservative Party
Pirates - Center-left party. They define themselves as economically centrist and socially liberal. They’ve only been around for 11 years but are the third largest party in the country. They appeal heavily to young progressives who would likely vote Bernie Sanders if they lived in America. They have 22 seats. Their leader is Czech political activist Ivan Bartos. I normally wouldn’t trust a white guy with dreadlocks in politics but he seems okay to me.
Freedom and Direct Democracy - Far-right wing Czech nationalist party. Like Pirates, this party is part of the CoD for the first time in 2017. Ironically run by a man born of a Czech mother and Japanese father in Japan. Facebook recently threatened to delete the party’s group page and his Facebook profile for violating community guidelines on fake news and hate speech. They have 22 seats. Most Similar Party: National Front (France)
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia - They are the rebranded Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. Their power has been fading for years and are mostly liked by old people in industrial areas who yearn for the days of old Czechoslovakia. They have 15 seats.
Czech Social Democratic Party - A center-left party with pro-EU positions, interests in social justice, a mixed economy and strong welfare state. They also have 15 seats. They formed a minority coalition with ANO with occasional support from the Communists. Most Similar Party: UK’s Labour Party
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party - A center-right political party with religious leanings. Like the Communist Party, their support is mostly among the elderly and has been declining since the split of Czechoslovakia. They dropped out of the CoD in 2010 by not making the 5% threshold but recovered in 2013 by getting 14 seats. Most Similar Party: Christian Democratic Union of Germany
TOP 09 - The initials are the Czech words for tradition, responsibility, prosperity. They’re a center-right party that has some right-wing economic views and is pro-Europeanism while the rest of the party is split on different social issues. They made it into the chamber by 0.3%.
Mayors and Independents - A center-right party focusing more on local politics. They cooperate with TOP 09 at a parlimentary level.
The two right-wing splinter parties
Tricolour Citizens’ Movement - Founded by the son of the Czech Republic’s second president, Vaclav Klaus Jr. after he was ousted by the Civic Democratic Party. It has three pillars (hence Tricolour):
- Prioritising the Czech Republic and its citizens over the rest of the world.
- The view that the wealth of the Czech Republic was created by the free enterprise of its citizens and companies, rather than government regulation.
- The defence of conservative values and “common sense”.
The full description is a Trumpian wet dream (Czech language). It’s conspiracy theory paradise. Most similar party: USA’s Republican Party
Unified - Alternative for Patriots - Basically a bunch of people who got pissy at Okamura for being Okamura.
It should be noted that Czech politics isn’t always this divided. Since 2002, more and more parties have been created. In 2002, four parties were elected to the CoD. In 2017, there were nine.
Here are two polls. One was conducted just before the lockdown and the other was concluded on July 3rd.
Since the 2017 election, only two polls conducted have had ANO in the lead by less than 10 perecentage points. However, their percentage of support has been basically the same since they were first elected. They hover around the 30% mark and don’t show much evidence of moving beyond that. The only other two parties that have been at 5% or more since 2017 are the Civic Democratic Party and Pirates. They’re locks to be in the next government in 2021. Where the others go remains to be seen.